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¹ 5, 2011

  Toxicology
   
Title:

MECHANISMS OF FERROZIANIDE-BENTONITE ENTEROSORBENTS ACTION

   
Authors: Kryukov N.I., Antipov V.A.
   
Address: The Krasnodar Veterinary Research Institute of Russian Academy of Agrarian Sciences.
   
Abstract: The action mechanisms ofcomposition from ferrozianide-bentonite enterosorbents and their components are described. The purpose of this article was to study the possibility of further use of ferrozianide-containing sorbents for Veterinary Medicine and animal breeding. 
   
Keywords: Keywords: bentonites, ferrozianides, dioxide of manganese, adsorption, ionic exchange HZH-90, HZH-90-Sr-TM.
   
   
   
Title:

BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF BLOOD IN EXPERIMENTAL SHEEP CHRONIC INTOXICATION DIOXIN

   
Authors: Ivanov A.V.; Mayorova E.N.; Papunidi K.Kh.
   
Address: Federal Center of Toxicological, Radiation and Biological Safety, Kazan.
   
Abstract: We studied the effects of dioxin in small doses, according to biochemical parameters of sheep blood. For this ne, defrned the total protein, albumin, urea nitrogen, amylase, glucose, triglycerides, total calcium, the activity of ALT, AST,GGT,LDH and total bilirubin, creatinine and cholesterol. The changes in blood chemistry, characterized disproteinemia, hypoglycemia and hypocalcemia, increased activity of enzymes (AST, GGT, LDH), hypercholesterolemia and elevated levels of bilirubin in common.
   
Keywords: Keywords: sheep, dioxin, total protein, albumin, urea nitrogen, amylase, glucose, triglycerides, total calcium, AST, ALT, GGT, LDH.
   
   
   
Title:

THE COMPARATIVE INVESTIGATION OF MINERAL SORBENTS EFFICACY IN CHRONIC EXPERIMENT ON RATS

   
Authors: Bulankova S.R.
   
Address: Federal Center of Toxicological, Radiation and Biological Safety, Kazan.
   
Abstract: The prevention of toxicoses by application highdispersed zeolite, bentonite and wormicurlite in rat diets contaminated by T-2 toxin and its combinations with lead and cadmium is studied.
   
Keywords: Keywords: sorbents, rats, T-2 toxin, cadmium, lead.
   
   
   
Title:

BY MONITORING ZEARALENONE IN THE FEEDS OF THE UDMURT REPUBLIC

   
Authors: Burdov L.G., Tremasova A.M.
   
Address: Federal center of Toxicological Radiation and Biological Safety, Kazan.
   
Abstract: In article results of research of forages of Udmurt Republic on the maintenance microscopic mushrooms and mycotoxins.
   
Keywords: Keywords: mycotoxins, zearalenon, toxicosis, forages
   
  Infectious pathology
   
Title:

SCIENTIFIC AND PRACTICAL ASPECTS OF APPLICATION OF IMMUNOSTIMULATORY DRUGS TO IMPROVE THE IMMUNE REACTIVITY OF ANIMALS

   
Authors: Rybchenko I.N.
   
Address: Smolensk State Academy of Agriculture.
   
Abstract: In the article the structure of the immune system, the influence of the antigen to the immune response, the application immunostimulators and their role in increasing the level of activity of the immune systems of animals.
   
Keywords: Keywords: antigen; vaccine; immune system; immunoglobulins; lymphocytes; phagocytosis.
   
   
   
Title:

DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION COLOURED ANTIGEN FOR LISTERIOSIS DETECTION

   
Authors: 1Qulibekov F.M., 1Makayev Kh.N., 2Murtazina G.Ch.
   
Address: 1Federal Center of Toxicological, Radiation and Biological Safety, Kazan.
2Kazan State Medicine University.
   
Abstract: «B» listeria strain having higher antigenic activity and without tending to self-agglutination after a series of experiments. Technology of coloured antigens production using «B » listeria strains was worked out, the strains having higher activity and specificity comparing to conventional antigen produced from the same listeria strains. The agglutination test in 12% - sodium chloride solution was determined to intensify the coloured antigen specificity comparing to agglutination test using NaCl solution in other percentage ratio.
   
Keywords: KEYWORDS: listeriosis, serodiagnostics.
   
   
   
Title:

ROLE OF BIRDS IN DISTRIBUTION ARBOVIRUS INFECTIONS IN TERRITORY OF STAVROPOL TERRYTORY

   
Authors: Shcarlet G.P., Varfolomeeva N.G, Volynkina A.S., Vasilenko N.F.
   
   
Abstract: In article results of studying of a role of an avifauna in distribution arbovirus infections in territory of Stavropol Territory are presented. Circulation of activators Crimean hemorrhagic fevers, fevers of the Western Nile and a fever of Batai at birds in various natural ecosystems is established.
   
Keywords: Keywords: arbovirus infections, birds, activator
   
   
   
Title:

EPIZOOTIC SITUATION OF BOVINE LEUKEMIA IN THE SOUTH URALS

   
Authors: 1Shkaeva N.A.; 2Shkaev A.
   
Address: 1Chelyabinsk State University, Chelyabinsk.
2State Research Institution National Research Institute for Veterinary Virology and Microbiology of Russia of the Russian Academy of Agricultural Science, Pokrov.
   
Abstract: Presents the results of monitoring of the epizootic situation of bovine leukemia in the Chelyabinsk region from 1993 to 2008. By results of research was established statistically significant differences between the radioactive contamination in the Chelyabinsk region and the intensity of the epizootic situation of bovine leukemia. Indicators of the intensity of the epizootic process were significantly higher in the contaminated zone.
   
Keywords: KEYWORDS: radiation accidents, EURT, monitoring bovine leukemia.
   
   
   
Title:

THE CHARACTERISTICS OF SHEEP BLUETONGUE IN BURYATIA

   
Authors: Nekhurov L.B., Garmaev M.Tc.
   
Address: The Buryat State Academy of Agriculture Named after V.R.Philippov.
   
Abstract: In the first in Buryatia on a territory of Russia was registrated the virus transmissive disease – the catarrhal fever of sheep (synonyms: infectious catarrhal fever, blue tongue; abbr. CLO). The clinical signs of disease – the acute fever, oedema of head and snout, blindness, limping. The pathoanatomical changes was characterized by the inflammatory – necrotic process of mouth, nasal, digestive tracts, lingua, epithelium of hoof corona and derma mucous membranes. Also are noted the degeneration of skeletal musculature and emaciation.
   
Keywords: Keywords: bluetongue, catarrhal fever, sheep, clinical features, pathologoanatomical changings.
   
   
   
Title:

PREVENTIVE AND THERAPEUTIC ACTIVITY SERUM AGAINST PASTEURELLOSIS, SALMONELLOSIS, COLIBACILLOSIS, PARAINFLUENZA-3 AND INFECTIOUS BOVINE RHINOTRACHEITIS

   
Authors: 1 Susskij E.V., 2 Pirozhkov M.K., 2 Viktorova E.V., 3Nochevnij V.T., 4 Eremets N.Ê., 4 Bobrovskaja I.V.
   
Address: 1Armavirskaja biofabrica.
2 Education Institute of Higher Professional Education (VGNKI).
3 Saratov Research Veterinary Institute.
4 VNiTiBP
   
Abstract: The paper presents materials on the study preventive efficiency serum against pasteurellosis, salmonellosis, colibacillosis, para-influenza-3 and infectious bovine rhinotracheitis in the laboratory experiment and in the breeding farms of Krasnodar region.
   
Keywords: Keywords: serum, pasteurellosis, salmonellosis, colibacillosis, para-influenza-3, infectious rhinotracheitis, therapeutic efficacy.
   
   
   
Title:

MONTANIDE ADJUVANTS TESTING TO OPTAIN FMD DETECTOR ANTIBODIES

   
Authors: Mayorova T.K., Kremenchugskaya S.R., Kamalova N.Ye., Borisov V.V.
   
Address: Federal Centre for Animal Health (FGI«ARRIAH»).
   
Abstract: The article presents the results of the test series of Montanide adjuvants to produce virus-specific antibody preparations comprising diagnostic test systems for the identification of FMD virus and detection of specific antibodies.
   
Keywords: KEYWORDS: FMDV, adjuvantes of series MONTANIDE, detector antibodies.
   
   
   
Title:

PHOCID DISTEMPER
(Analytical review)

   
Authors: Zakutsky N.I.; Kolomitsev A.A.; Gouzalova A.G.
   
Address: All Russia Research Institute for Veterinary Virology and Microbiology.
   
Abstract: A historical and geographical review for phocid distemper and characteristics of its agent are given, some epizootic features, clinical manifestations, pathological changes, diagnostics and prophylaxis of the infection are described.
   
Keywords: Keywords: phocid distemper, virus, infection, outbreak, seals, antibodies.
   
   
   
Title:

ELISA IN DIAGNOSIS OF REOVIRUS INFECTION OF CATTLE

   
Authors: Gaffarov Kh.Z.; Efimova M.A.; Moskvichev O.V.
   
Address: Federal center of Toxicological Radiation and Biological Safety, Kazan.
   
Abstract: For the first time in the Russian Federation it is designed ELISA test-system for retrospective diagnostics reovirus infections of cattle. By means of given the test-system is lead monitoring 1378 tests of wheys of blood of cattle, and the high percent of positively reacting animals is revealed.
   
Keywords: KEYWORDS: reovirus, cattle,ELISA.
   
   
   
Title:

MONITORING OF GASTROENTERIC INFECTIOUS DISEASES OF NEWBORN PIGS IN REGIONS OF THE AVERAGE VOLGA REGION AND PREDURALYA

   
Authors: Makhmutov A.F., Spiridonov G.N., Agliamov R.N.
   
Address: Federal Center of Toxicological, Radiation and Biological Safety, Kazan.
   
Abstract: Kliniko-epizootological inspection of 23 agricultural enterprises located in regions of the Average Volga region and Preduralya is spent, unsuccessful on infectious diseases of newborn pigs in which the high percent of their disease and  destruction was registered. It is established, the most frequent activators of an infectious diarrhoeia of newborn pigs are E.coli if, rota-, coronavirusis, clostridium, proteus, and also diplococcus and streptococcus. So, from 23 surveyed pig-breeding economy in 21 (91,3 %) the activator E.coli, in 14 (60,9 %) - the activator transmissible gastroenteritis and in 11 (47,8 %) - rotavirus illnesses of pigs is found out.  
   
Keywords: Keywords: Esherichia ñoli, Clostridium perfringens, Proteus vulgaris, Diplococcus, Streptococcus, rotavirus, coronavirus, transmissible gastroenteritis, E.coli diarrhea in piglets
   
  Non-transmittable diseases
   
Title:

TREATMENT OF ACUTE ENDOMETRITIS IN COWS ENROTSIDOM

   
Authors: Shaposhnikov I.T.
   
Address: All Russia Veterinary Research Institute of Pathology, Pharmacology and Therapy, Voronezh.
   
Abstract: Enrotsid is an effective remedy for puerperal endometritis in cows and has no significant effect on biochemical and hematological blood parameters in experimental cows on serum levels of total protein and its fractions.
   
Keywords: Keywords: cow, reproductive organs, endometritis, enrotsid, therapeutic efficacy
   
   
   
Title:

THE LYMPHOTROPIC ANTIBIOTIC THERAPY FOR ACUTE CYSTITIS OF DOGS

   
Authors: Skladneva E.J., Chumakov V.J.
   
Address: Khakass state University named after Katanov N.F., Abakan.
   
Abstract: The article contains an evidenceon efficiency of lymphotropic antibiotic therapy for acute cystitis of dogs in comparison with the traditional antibiotic therapy. This method allows to decrease a 24 hours' dose of antibiotic and to increasegreatly therapeutic efficiency due to directional influence of the medication upon pathologic nidus.
   
Keywords: Keywords: cystitis, lymphatropic, antibiotic therapy, dog.
   
   
   
Title:

CHANGE OF PSYCHICAL READINESS OF HORSES AS A RESULT OF THERMOMAGNETOTHERAPY COURSE USAGE

   
Authors: 1Shimko O.V., 2Stecolnikov A.A., 3Gorohova A.V.
   
Address: 1Establishment «Republic Center for Olympic Training in Equestrian Sports and Horse-Breeding.
2Saint-Petersburg State Academy of Veterinary Mådicine.
3Establishment «Minsk Regional Olympic Equestrian Centre.
   
Abstract: The article describes that as a result of course usage of thermomagnet influence on the organism of horses the increase of their readiness to work is observed by 100% of test-animals and is expressed in the increase or their confidence, concentration, readiness to work and communication.
   
Keywords: Keywords: thermomagnetotherapy, psychical readiness, horses.
   
  Parasitology
   
Title:

QUESTIONS OF PATHOGENESIS DURING BRONCHOPNEUMONIA AND SARCOSPORIDIOSIS IN SHEEP ASSOCIATION

   
Authors: Posov S.A., Eziev S.A., Orlova N.E.
   
Address: The Stavropol State Agrarian University.
   
Abstract: Under associational disease (bronchopneumonia + sarcosporidiosis) clinical signs are appeared in hard form and conduct with lethality in ill lambs. One can see: leukocytosis, erythropenia, decreasing the level of hemoglobin, eozinophelia, neutrophilia, decreasing of common protein and albumins with parallel increasing of globulin new fractions and breaking of mineral change.
   
Keywords: association, sarcosporidiosis, leukocytosis, erythropenia, hemoglobin, eozinophelia, neutrophilia, albumins, globulin fractions.
   
   
   
Title:

SENSITIZATION OF THE NEMATODE Caenorhabditis elegans ORGANISM TO LEVAMISOLE ACTION BY ELEVATION OF AMBIENT TEMPERATURE

   
Authors: Kolsanova R.R.; Gainutdinov M.Kh.; Kalinnikova T.B.
   
Address: Research Institute for Problems of Ecology and Mineral Wealth Use of Tatarstan Academy of Sciences (Kazan).
   
Abstract: Elevation of ambient temperature to 30°C or 36°C leads to strong rise in sensitivity of the nematode C.elegans behavior to toxic action of levamisole. The target of levamisole action under these conditions is worm's nervous system.
   
Keywords: KEYWORDS: Caenorhabditis elegans, levamisole, n-cholinoreceptors, high temperature, nematocides
   
  Physiology
   
Title:

MORPHOFUNCTIONAL THE CONDITION OF THE LIVER OF RABBITS AT APPLICATION OF BIOLOGICALLY ACTIVE COMBINATION

   
Authors: 1Vorobyev A.V., 2Datchenco O.O.
   
Address:

1Samara veterinary research station Academy of Agricultural Sciences.
2Samara state agricultural academy.

 

   
Abstract: Results of researches on influence probiotic and immunostimulator on a liver of rabbits are resulted. The new data on morphological changes in a liver, characterized by changes of cell populations and absence of negative influence of experimental preparations on histology a liver is obtained.
   
Keywords: Keywords: probiotic, immune inducer, rabbits, morphology, liver, hepatocytes.